Re: FirstRateCrowd's EIRA

Posted: Wed Nov 28, 2018 1:30 pm, #14
by MaureenCarter
There is not much more of an existential threat to our lives than homicide. Murder rates in the USA are driven by income and economic inequality and crime rates are soaring as these inequalities continue to increase. Perceived social status is the main factor fueling the murder problem.

I read in the introductory header of this website regarding the Economic Inequality Rating App that, " It is the most powerful technological idea to stop income inequality and economic inequality as the most existential threats to our lives." These threats are not an exaggeration or hyperbole. To the contrary, they are an every day reality for most people.

I would like to focus on the threat of homicide from my previous posting #5, under The Community Business Venture. Although it is only one of many presented in my listing of variables caused by inequality, it is one of the most frightening. At the very heart of the matter is murder; getting killed is as existential as it gets.
Here is my list.

Wars (increased)
Terrorism (increased)
Life expectancy (decreased)
Math and literacy (decreased)
Climate change (increased)
Infant mortality (increased)
Homicides (increased)
Imprisonment (increased)
Teenage births (increased)
Trust (decreased)
Obesity (increased)
Mental illness (increased)
Drug addiction (increased)
Alcoholism (increased)
Social and work mobility (decreased)
Impact of money in politics (increased)
Pollution (increased)
Women's rights (decreased)
Racism (increased)
The Guardian sheds light onto this matter with an article declaring , "inequality predicts homicide rates ‘better than any other variable’, says an expert – and it is linked to a highly developed concern for one’s own status."

The surprising factors driving murder rates: income inequality and respect
By Maia Szalavitz Dec 8th 017 ... cide-rates

The following excerpts from her article flesh out the truth of this issue,
17-year-old boy shoots a 15-year-old stranger to death, apparently believing that the victim had given him a dirty look. A Chicago man stabs his stepfather in a fight over whether his entry into his parents’ house without knocking was disrespectful. A San Francisco UPS employee guns down three of his co-workers, then turns his weapon on himself, seemingly as a response to minor slights.

These killings may seem unrelated – but they are only a few recent examples of the kind of crime that demonstrates a surprising link between homicide and inequality.

While on the surface, the disputes that triggered these deaths seem trivial – each involved apparently small disagreements and a sense of being seen as inferior and unworthy of respect – research suggests that inequality raises the stakes of fights for status among men.

The connection is so strong that, according to the World Bank, a simple measure of inequality predicts about half of the variance in murder rates between American states and between countries around the world. When inequality is high and strips large numbers of men of the usual markers of status – like a good job and the ability to support a family – matters of respect and disrespect loom disproportionately.

Inequality predicts homicide rates “better than any other variable”, says Martin Daly, professor emeritus of psychology and neuroscience at McMaster University in Ontario and author of Killing the Competition: Economic Inequality and Homicide.
Maia Szalavitz presents more evidence in her Scientific America article, "Income Inequality’s Most Disturbing Side Effect: Homicide"
Where financial disparities are greatest, the murder rate tends to be high. November 1st 2018 ... -homicide/
Income inequality can cause all kinds of problems across the economic spectrum—but perhaps the most frightening is homicide. Inequality—the gap between a society's richest and poorest—predicts murder rates better than any other variable, according to Martin Daly, a professor emeritus of psychology at McMaster University in Ontario, who has studied this connection for decades. It is more tightly tied to murder than straightforward poverty, for example, or drug abuse. And research conducted for the World Bank finds that both between and within countries, about half the variance in murder rates can be accounted for by looking at the most common measure of inequality, which is known as the Gini coefficient.

The murders most associated with inequality, it seems, are driven by a perceived lack of respect. Like most killings, these are mostly perpetrated by males—and in societies with low inequality, there tend to be very few murders. To an outsider, these deaths, which make up more than a third of the homicides with known motives reported to the FBI, seem senseless: a guy looks at someone else the wrong way, makes a disrespectful remark, or is believed to have winked at another man's wife or girlfriend. These incidents seem too trivial to be matters of life and death. “A prosperous guy like me, if someone [insults me] in a bar, I can roll my eyes and leave,” Daly says. “But if it's your local bar, you are unemployed or underemployed, and your only source of status and self-respect is your standing in the neighborhood, turning the other cheek looks weak, and everyone soon knows you are an easy mark.”
I am fearful and mistrusting when walking about in my own community. The super rich where I live can afford tens of millions of dollars a month in security systems and personnel to protect themselves especially from murder. It should not be this way. In light of the fact that they are the ones creating the inequality, and hence the killings, I see a way out of this threat to my existence by reducing economic inequality via the Economic Inequality Rating App.