Re: Brain Structure Drives The Consequent Effects Of Economic Inequality

Posted: Fri Sep 20, 2019 8:09 pm, #37
by Sterling Volunteer
Not all brain hacking needs to be done surreptitiously. The Chinese are brain hacking their students, military, and employees with non-invasive brainwave tracking devices to make them perform more efficiently. This is not being done secretively but rather in plain sight. Their government is not a democracy and has aspects of a technocracy where technology is used to control their population and bend them to the will of the government. Needless to say, individual human rights in China are not a high priority. Such activities are not well tolerated in the USA and civil rights opponents would scream like mashed cats at the adaption of many such policies. However, I would not doubt there are minds busy at work in corporate America trying to figure out how this can be done here due to a healthy profit motive.

South China Morning Post
Brainwave-tracking start-up BrainCo in controversy over tests on Chinese schoolchildren
Start-up has raised concerns on social media controversy about China’s increased use of surveillance technologies
By Meng Jing and Zen Soo, Published: 10 Apr, 2019 ... sy-working
BrainCo, which was incubated at Harvard University and founded by Chinese engineer Han Bicheng, has been attracting plenty of buzz for its brain-machine interface (BMI) products since the firm first took part in CES, (a Las Vegas trade show, in 2017. The company’s Focus headband, which features what it describes as “real-time brainwave feedback and visualisation”, is targeted at the education, fitness and wellness sectors.

Can brainwave-monitoring headbands help students focus?

In China, however, BrainCo has been caught in a social media controversy amid concerns over the wide use of technologies, such as facial recognition and big data, could trigger the creation of a surveillance society.

BrainCo has received plenty of criticism on microblogging service Weibo after a post earlier this month showed its Focus headbands being worn by Chinese pupils at an undisclosed primary school. The devices allowed teachers to monitor how focused pupils were during class. The findings were instantaneously revealed via a light on the headband: Blue means relaxed, yellow means focused and red means very focused.

“What did these children do wrong to deserve this life of constant monitoring? It boggles my mind that we can’t put ankle bracelets on paedophiles, but it’s astonishingly easy to put headbands on these powerless kids,” one commenter posted on Weibo.

BrainCo, a hi-tech start-up incubated in the Harvard Innovation Lab, shows use of its Focus 1 headset in a US classroom, where a teacher can monitor how much students are engaged in lessons.

The headbands from BrainCo use so-called electroencephalography (EEG) sensors to detect brain signals and use an AI algorithm to translate the signals into focus levels in real time. EEG, which records the electrical activity of the brain, has long been used in the medical field as a non-invasive method to diagnose epilepsy, sleep disorders and encephalopathies, or disease of the brain.

Data gathered from the headbands can be used to design focus-training games to help students prime their brain for optimal performance before they start class, according to the BrainCo website.

On April 5, BrainCo issued a statement on Weibo in response to the online criticism. The company reiterated that the headbands were used in a number of school trials in China to help children improve learning efficiency. It said the headbands have not been sold to any public school.

BrainCo has partnered with an unnamed Chinese school to test its Focus 1 flagship device on 10,000 schoolchildren aged between 10 and 17, according to a report by the UK’s Daily Mail in January this year.

Email and phone inquiries sent to the company and its founder went unanswered.
It boggles my mind that we can’t put ankle bracelets on paedophiles, but it’s astonishingly easy to put headbands on these powerless kids Commenter on Weibo

The criticism levelled against BrainCo has come amid Beijing’s efforts in pushing artificial intelligence (AI) technologies, such as facial recognition, into many corners of peoples’ lives. China’s State Council in July 2017 unveiled its “Next Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan” for the country – a three-step road map for AI dominance by 2030.

With high-definition video surveillance cameras, facial recognition and remote sensors feeding tonnes of data into AI algorithms to analyse in real time, technology has advanced to help authorities in a range of initiatives, from access control at border checkpoints and exposing jaywalkers to enabling password-free payments and taking attendance at schools.

Still, there is a growing debate in China about the limits of surveillance and the trade-offs between security and privacy.

Despite the recent controversy, BrainCo already secured a two-year contract to get its Focus 1 device manufactured and targeted shipments of 600,000 units, company chief executive Han told the MIT Technology Review in 2017, without providing any details about its customers.

The company was also working with schools in Mexico, Spain, Brazil and the US, including a pilot study at a Boston-based high school, for deploying Focus headbands.
Business Insider
China is monitoring employees' brain waves and emotions — and the technology boosted one company's profits by $315 million
Tara Francis Chan, May 1, 2018 ... ogy-2018-4

Bullet points

Chinese businesses and the military are monitoring employees' brain activity and emotions.

The "emotional surveillance technology" helps employers identify mood shifts so they can change break times, an employee's task, or even send them home.

The technology reportedly increases productivity and profitability, with one company claiming its profits jumped by $315 million.

Emotional surveillance adds to a wide surveillance network of facial recognition and internet censorship across China.
Employees' brain waves are reportedly being monitored in factories, state-owned enterprises, and the military across China.

The technology works by placing wireless sensors in employees' caps or hats which, combined with artificial intelligence algorithms, spot incidents of workplace rage, anxiety, or sadness.

Employers use this "emotional surveillance technology" by then tweaking workflows, including employee placement and breaks, to increase productivity and profits.

At State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power in the southeast city of Hangzhou, company profits jumped by $315 million since the technology was introduced in 2014, an official told the South China Morning Post.

Cheng Jingzhou, the official who oversees the company's program, said "there is no doubt about its effect," and brain data helps the 40,000-strong firm work to higher standards.

According to the SCMP, more than a dozen businesses and China's military have used a different programme developed by the government-funded brain surveillance project Neuro Cap, based out of Ningbo University.
Widespread use of emotion monitoring may mark a new stage in China's surveillance state, which has largely been focused on facial recognition and increasing internet censorship.

It's unknown if all employees subjected to the technology are aware they are being monitored, but even if they were China's privacy laws would be unlikely to help.

The notoriously lax privacy laws, and the country's large sample population, have helped China leap ahead with its artificial intelligence research.