Re: Brain Structure Drives The Consequent Effects Of Economic Inequality

Posted: Sat May 25, 2019 5:57 pm, #33
by Jessica
To quote the head of AI at Singularity University, Neil Jacobstein, “It’s not artificial intelligence I’m worried about, it’s human stupidity.”

The hacking and hijacking of a brain-computer interface, such as Elon Musk's Neuralink, has the potential to produce devastating and even life threatening consequences. Even if a computer code is developed which is not penetrable to hacking by today's standards, an exponentially advancing AI in the future may be able to beat any form of prophylaxis. The following articles indicate hacking is a real concern for Neuralink with similar technologies being susceptible to non-origination control.


Experts: Artificial Intelligence Could Hijack Brain-Computer Interfaces
Can we prevent AI from hacking into the human brain?
Futurism.com, by Dom Galeon, November 20th 2017
https://futurism.com/experts-artificial ... interfaces
Ever since Tesla CEO and founder Elon Musk announced his plans to develop a brain-computer interface (BCI) through his Neuralink startup, BCI technologies have received more attention. Musk, however, wasn't the first to propose the possibility of enhancing human capabilities through brain-computer interfacing. A number of other startups are working on a similar goal, including Braintree founder Bryan Johnson with Kernel. Even the U.S. Defense Department's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is working on one.

Now, according to a collaboration of 27 experts,neuroscientists, neurotechnologists, clinicians, ethicists and machine-intelligence engineers,calling themselves the Morningside Group, BCIs present a unique and rather disturbing conundrum in the realm of artificial intelligence (AI). Essentially designed to hack the brain, BCIs themselves run the risk of being hacked by AI.

Such advances could revolutionize the treatment of many conditions, from brain injury and paralysis to epilepsy and schizophrenia, and transform human experience for the better, the experts wrote in a comment piece in the journal Nature. But the technology could also exacerbate social inequalities and offer corporations, hackers, governments or anyone else new ways to exploit and manipulate people. And it could profoundly alter some core human characteristics: private mental life, individual agency and an understanding of individuals as entities bound by their bodies.

Machine Learning
How Brain-Computer Interfaces Could Expose Us to Hacking and Manipulation
25 Dec 2017 12:30pm, by Kimberley Mok
https://thenewstack.io/brain-computer-i ... ipulation/
In particular, they are pointing to upcoming developments in brain-computer interfaces being spearheaded by companies like Neuralink and Kernel, creating wireless devices which will directly link humans to powerful computational systems, which have to ability to not only "read" human brain activity, but also "write" neural data into the brain. According to the group, they foresee technological changes happening much faster than governments or societies can adapt, leading to an uncharted and potentially perilous territory where users and their data might not only be exploited for financial gain but even lose their sense of self.

How Hackers Could Get Inside Your Head With Brain MalwareBrain-computer interfaces offer new applications for our brain signalsand a new vector for security and privacy violations.
From: Motherboard, by Victoria Turk, Aug 3 2016
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/ezp5 ... in-malware
Hackers have spyware in your mind. You're minding your business, playing a game or scrolling through social media, and all the while they're gathering your most private information direct from your brain signals. Your likes and dislikes. Your political preferences. Your sexuality. Your PIN.

It's a futuristic scenario, but not that futuristic. The idea of securing our thoughts is a real concern with the introduction of brain-computer interfaces devices that are controlled by brain signals such as EEG (electroencephalography), and which are already used in medical scenarios and, increasingly, in non-medical applications such as gaming.
Mind-Hunting: Could Your Brain Be a Target For Hackers

New technology could let hackers inside your head with dangerous "brain malware".
Science
By Zachary Tomlinson, November, 20th 2018
https://interestingengineering.com/mind ... or-hackers
Imagine the scenario where you are minding your business someday in the near-future as you scroll through social media using only the power of your thoughts. Apple's new phone contains a brain-computer interface that lets you control every feature with your mind,a miracle of science when it was introduced, but now you're used to it.

But imagine if you will, what hacking a device with that kind of technology could mean. While you browse the web or do your work, hackers could be using spyware on your mind-- gathering your most private information directly from your brain signals. Your likes and dislikes. Your political preferences. Your sexuality. Your PIN.

The idea frankly is not all that far-fetched. The need to secure our very thoughts is quickly becoming a reality in a world where brain-computer interface machines (such as EEGs) are becoming more prevalent both in medical scenarios and in other applications like personal computing and even gaming. The simple fact is, if we don't address this problem quickly, it will inevitably be too late.